Bows and arrows became one of the first weapons created by humans, apart from spears and knives. Compared to other weapons, the bow has a higher level of effectiveness because it can be used from a fairly safe distance. The best crossbow 2020 becomes a deadly weapon when used properly, although it is not completely reliable in close range.
It is known that the bow was used by humans thousands of years ago. The arc appears in a cave mural in western Europe, which is 30,000 years old. Other evidence says the bow began to be used as a tool for hunting and war starting from the Paleolithic era. The material for the bow was first made of bone and wood, plus rope, muscle, or other flexible material tied between the ends. The bone and wood materials were used as the main material for bows and arrows for a very long time until finally other materials were found that were harder, lighter, and more flexible.
Arrows were made of various materials, first made of wood that was burned, then stone and bone, and finally made of metal. Around 1500 BC, found bows that are joined from various materials (wood, bone, and muscle), which are then glued together to increase strength and natural elasticity. The bow and arrow were once the main weapons of the Assyrian chariot troops and the Mongolian horsemen. Both nations were known as excellent archers, who were greatly feared on the battlefield for their skill with the bow and arrow. In America, the bow and arrow are the determinants of historical movements. These two weapons of war greatly influenced the people living in the Great Basin and the Great Plains. The Indians made a very accurate bow because sometimes when hunting they could only shoot one arrow at their prey, besides because they hunted on foot.
The bows made by the Great Basin generally use local materials such as ash, forest mahogany, and yew. The bow is then supported with animal muscles to increase the force of the shot and prevent the traction from breaking easily. Chords are usually made of muscle, although some are made from deer and bear intestines, rawhides, plant fibers, and hair.